Bali, well known as a paradise island, a land
of a thousand gods, thousand temples, thousand dances, is located
between the Pacific and Indian Ocean, just below the equatorial
line, on latitude 8 degree south and longitude 115 degree east.
The island is considered to be the most attractive island to visitors.
It is estimated that the were more than 3.000.000 visitors a year
from all round the world. Most of them seek an understanding of
a way of life that is really unique. Bali is unique as having the
last dominant and still intact spiritual culture. Many of the traditional
rituals and practices are just as alive today as they ever were,
and the strength and resilience of the Balinese people and their
culture is a testimony to the richess of their faith. Most of Bali's
2.9 million people live in villages in the central southern plains
and in the capital towns of the eight Kabupaten or regencies. Balinese
society is collectivist and place oriented. Villages are organized
around community temples, and collectively run by village councils
called banjar. This social structure remains strong,even in urban
areas.Family compounds often contain three generations and three
generation and three or four nuclear families, and each compound
has a house temple where the ancestral deities are honored. Customary
law is imbued with communal religious duties. More than 80 percent
of the economy is based on agriculture, the other sectors being
handicrafts, tourism, small trade, and professional services.